Unit 1: aperture, ISO, exposure compensation, composition

St Dunstan-in-the-East, London. I’ve always wanted to photograph this church, built in 1100, burned in the Great Fire in 1666 then wrecked in WWII. Instead of being rebuilt, it was turned into a public garden. Looking through the gothic tracery to the west just after sunrise in the east, the sun catches the burnished top  of the famous Monument. Looking south through the ruins, there is the Shard. And to the West looks the new ‘Walkie Talkie’ building. I find this church and its setting very evocative. This was the perfect place to experiment with framing, setting the old ruins off against the new and modern at sunrise. There were many opportunities to use leading lines to point towards the architectural contrasts. And while in real life the new buildings overshadow the old, from within the ruins of the past it was possible to make the old dominant, using the rule of thirds to give counter-intuitive historical perspective. Thus the shard is framed in the eastern third of one window, the top of Monument shines through another as testament to this past,  and wide-angle perspective makes the tower look dominant over the Walkie Talkie. I used a combination of a prime 50mm lens on f1.4 and a wide-angle lens 16-85mm, ISO 100, and experimented with different exposure compensation from -5 to 0. Mainly settled for -2. Polarising filter.

Chiswick House. Mainly a chance to experiment with leading lines and some landscape composition and to try different ISO on the waterfall using prime 50mm lens at f1.4. Sense of moving water at speed at f16 ISO100, f1.4 made water appear still because of the faster shutter speed required of the wider aperture. Higher f-stops for greater depth of field in the landscape shots.

Puffing Billy, the first steam locomotive, in the Science Museum. Used prime 50mm lens  F1.4 for close ups and shallow depth of field, and wide angle with polarising filter to capture the whole engine. Tried positioning the static engine using rule of thirds to try and achieve sense of motion, of it moving out of the picture. Used leading lines to give a sense of dynamic, and historical as well as literal perspective. Mainly -2 exposure compensation to bring out the colours in the metal.  Some framing opportunities provided by the metal work eg wheels. ISO 100.

Sunset on the River Thames towpath between Kew Gardens and Richmond. Wide angle/zoom lens 3.5-22. This was experimenting with different exposure compensation and Fstops to increase the quality of the colour. More orange look achieved with F5.6 at -2. Blue is brought out more by F3.5 at -2. Also experimenting with rule of thirds and the placement of the horizon at the top or bottom third, thereby emphasising either the sky or the reflections on the river. The curve of the river presented natural leading lines to exploit. A great opportunity arose to frame the sun itself in a heart-shape among the trees on the river bank. It is fantastic how golden clouds naturally seem to obey the golden rule.

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